Waikato Journal of Education
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How to Cite

Gunn, A. C. (2017). A philosophical anchor for creating inclusive communities in early childhood education: Anti-bias philosophy and te Whāriki: Early childhood curriculum. Waikato Journal of Education, 9. https://doi.org/10.15663/wje.v9i0.390


The basic premise of this paper is that inclusion in early childhood education in Aotearoa New Zealand is a worthy focus of early childhood education curriculum and that an anti-bias philosophy assists in developing curriculum that is inclusive. It is claimed that the early childhood curriculum in Aotearoa New Zealand is an emancipatory one, and arguments for activism and anti-bias principles in support of curriculum implementation are made. Drawing on anti-bias principles, the current curriculum statement (Te Whariki: Early Childhood Curriculum) is examined to ascertain what support for anti-bias foci exists. Teaching strategies based upon discussion, critical thinking and an awareness of diversity themes/difference are considered in support of active anti-bias work in early childhood education.

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