Waikato Journal of Education
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How to Cite

Hokowhitu, B. (2016). Challenges to state physical education: Tikanga Māori, physical education curricula, historical deconstruction, inclusivism and decolonisation. Waikato Journal of Education, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.15663/wje.v10i1.332


New Zealand State Physical Education is soon to enter into a new phase, as the early stages of writing a new curriculum begin. This article is timely, therefore, because it provides four challenges that need to be addressed if the incoming curriculum writers are to right the wrongs of the previous scribes and if physical educators are to develop Mäori-inclusive pedagogies. The challenges include; deconstructing the historical discourse; the sharing of decision-making power with Mäori in the development of curricula; the integration of Mäori-defined tikanga into curricula; and the decolonisation of physical educators. 


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